Researchers Produce Renewable Fuel From Bio-Oil

In a first, researchers have produced renewable fuel from pyrolysis bio-oil, a synthetic fuel being considered a substitute for petroleum.

Pyrolysis bio-oil is produced by rapidly heating and then cooling the forest residues in an oxygen-free environment.

By co-gasification with black liquor, a renewable fuel was produced by researchers in Lulea University of Technology’s Green Fuels one of the world’s most advanced pilot plant for gasification of biomass to synthesis gas and green fuels, sciencedaily reported.

“We have made a breakthrough developing the new process and managed to get 1+1 to be equal to three,” said Erik Furusjo, project manager at LUT.

“Black liquor makes it possible to gasify pyrolysis oil at a lower temperature, which provides better yield than if the raw materials were gasified separately,” said Furusjo.

By converting forest residues into a liquid, called bio-oil or pyrolysis oil, energy density was increased and transportation facilitated.

The conversion of the pyrolysis oil to a renewable transportation fuel was made through a process called gasification.

It was performed in combination with black liquor that was a by-product from pulp and paper production.

The project, headed by Furusjo, called “Catalytic gasification” and was financed by the Swedish Energy Agency and an industry consortium.

If one truck load of pyrolysis oil is mixed with black liquor and converted into fuel, the total volume is sufficient to drive a car ten laps around the Earth.

CBSE Books to Be Made Available Online for Free, Says HRD Minister Smriti Irani

All CBSE books and learning material will be made available online for free as part of the Centre’s good governance efforts, HRD Minister Smriti Irani said New Delhi on Saturday.

At a function organised at a Kendriya Vidyalaya in east Delhi, she also said that initiatives would be undertaken to ensure holistic nurturing and improve learning outcomes at these schools.

“We made NCERT books available online for free through e-books and mobile applications a month-and-a-half ago. We are similarly going to make CBSE books available online along with additional learning material and videos as part of our good governance efforts,” Irani said at the inauguration of a new building of the school in Khichripur.

Responding to the call by Delhi Deputy Chief Minister Manish Sisodia at the function that endeavours be made to ensure that children not only excel professionally but also become good human beings, Irani asked her ministry’s officials to organise ‘Baal Sabha’ (Child Conventions).

These conventions will feature interactions between children and professionals from fields including defence to help the former grow into “good human beings”.

Irani also reiterated that the Centre will launch ‘Shaala Darpan’ and ‘Saransh’ services (for Class I to Class XII students) in Kendriya Vidyalayas in the next academic year.

The ‘Shaala Darpan’ service is aimed at using SMSes to keep parents informed about their wards’ attendance, time table and marks in exams while ‘Saransh’ will help parents compare the subject-wise learning outcomes of their children, with others at the district, state and national levels.

Earlier, addressing the function, Sisodia stressed on the role of education in the lives of children.

“You need to check whether you are doing better than yesterday. Are we behaving better than yesterday. The focus should be that if a child gets out of educational institutes 20 years later, he/she should pass out as a sensible person,” he said.

The AAP leader urged schools to take the responsibility of turning children into good human beings.

“When we read in newspapers about communal violence, rapes somewhere, then we feel we fell short somewhere. Hence, we will have to take responsibility. A person is giving us 20 years of his/her life.

“So, we will have to ensure we impress on him/her that it is equally important to be a good human being as to be a good engineer or other professional,” he said.

East Delhi MP Maheish Girri also addressed the event, which was attended by senior HRD officials and local public representatives.

OnePlus Introduces Exchanges Offers for Its Smartphones in India

OnePlus on Monday announced an exchange/ buyback programme for users for its OnePlus One,OnePlus 2, or OnePlus X smartphones. The Chinese smartphone maker has teamed with ReGlobe for the offer. It is also offering B2X Service and B2X On-Guard Plus service free with the OnePlus 2 and OnePlus X respectively, if the cost of the exchanged smartphone is estimated at more than Rs. 5,000. The scheme will be valid until December 31.

As mentioned by the company, the exchange schemes are of two types – Buy First, Sell Later and Sell First, Buy Next. In both cases, users are first required to get their smartphones valuated by ReGlobe by visiting the dedicated page or registering on OnePlus page. Note, only smartphones from a limited number of brands are accepted by ReGlobe.

In the Buy First, Sell Later scheme ReGlobe will share the invite code for the desired OnePlus smartphone with the user and will also schedule a pick-up of the old handset for a future date. It will then approve the sale of the older device and will alongside receive a confirmation from OnePlus on activation of the invite by the buyer. A page link is then sent to the user to avail the free insurance and an Amazon Gift Coupon that would match the quote of the user’s older device within 3-5 working days.

In the Sell First, Buy Next option users can first sell their smartphone to ReGlobe. After the transaction is done, users would receive an invite for their choice of OnePlus smartphone along with an Amazon Gift Coupon that matches the quote of their older device. Customers can choose to receive cash for their exchanged smartphone instead of an Amazon Gift Coupon, however, they will then not get the free bundled insurance or extended warranty.

The OnePlus One also falls under the exchange offer powered by ReGlobe, however, no invite will be provided, and no insurance or extended warranty scheme will be bundled.

Delhi Government Launches ‘e-District Project’ to Offer Services Online

Residents in the national capital will now be able to access a host of Delhi government services online and get documents verified for the issuance of nearly a dozen certificates under an ambitious ‘e-District project’ that was launched Monday by Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal.

The inauguration comes days after the Cabinet approved a proposal to make 12 government services hassle-free through the doing away of the need to produce affidavits, and also introduced the concept of self-attestation.

Terming the project a “guiding light”, the chief minister called for the initiative to be properly publicised so that people could benefit from it.

“During my NGO days, I used to wonder why governments were not simplifying these procedures. It’s because they did not have the right intentions.

“This Delhi model of service delivery shall act as a guiding light across the country,” Kejriwal said.

Stressing on the need for publicising the project, he said that “small reports” in the media would not be enough to make the public aware about its utility and touts would continue to thrive.

“We will have to prepare an outreach programme,” he said.

Deputy Chief Minister Manish Sisodia said that training programmes would be organised for MLAs and their staff, after the ongoing Assembly session, to equip them with the expertise to enable people to make optimum use of the service.

As part of the project, the government has completely digitised caste data from 1962 to present that was available in its records, Secretary (Revenue) A Anbarasu said during the launch.

The certificates that have been chosen in the first phase of the project include OBC, SC/ST, domicile, disability card, income, solvency, survivor, death order, marriage registration, birth order and ‘lal dora’.

Duplication of certificates shall also be available online as part of the project.

“I am going to spend two-three hours every day at the district headquarters to sort out all revenue-related issues.

The MLAs have been asked to collate a list of such issues,” Sisodia said.

Food and Supplies Minister Imran Hussain, Assembly Deputy Speaker Bandana Kumari and Chief Secretary KK Sharma were also present for the launch at the Delhi Secretariat in New Delhi.